Afghanistan's long history of conflict has deprived youth of critical education opportunities. Children in conflict-afflicted countries are more likely to be out of school or to drop out. Conflicted areas result in extreme disadvantages of poverty and social inequality. As the bulk of contemporary conflict exists locally, through internal civil conflicts among high-capacity non-state actors, these conflicts frequently target and endanger civilians, further disrupting education systems. The disruption of daily life, the prevalence of social inequality, and the destruction of local infrastructure and markets from conflict has specifically harmed schools and schoolchildren. Attacks on schools, the recruitment of children, and the targeting of school infrastructure in Afghanistan have only reinforced poverty and social degradation [UNESCO].